The indigenous Kawésqar people, an ethnic minority in Chile, live concentrated in the extreme south of the country. They are inhabitants for millennia of an extensive region of fjords, channels, and archipelagos of an exuberant natural value that many also call Patagonia. This population is affected by the development of the country, and in the last century has opposed western cultural colonization; that which produced a forceful transformation of the life for the canoeing nomads of the south. This is the transformation towards the sedentary life in the cities, where they were addressed to control the “little haven of alakalufes,” (how they were called) together as if it were their ancestral territory. The industrial maelstrom of the last decades in Magallanes include extensive livestock farming, the extraction of hydrocarbons, large scale fishing, and tourism that have developed wealth where before there was only earth, water, and a lot of wind.
Omitted from all of this development and skewed socioeconomically, today they wish to be taken into account; recognizing the value of their own culture, to include their identity in the strong tourism activity of Magallanes.